CONVOCATORIA CONTRATOS DE INVESTIGACIóN. UNIVERSIDAD DE BURDEOS
El profesor Francesco d’Errico nos hace llegar para su difusión esta interesante convocatoria de 3 años de duración para dos investigadores (predoctoral y posdoctoral) vinculados al proyecto ERC «Evolution of Cognitive Tools for Quantification» y para estar en la Universidad de Burdeos a partir del 1 de octubre del 2021.
Post-Doctoral Position on the Origin of Cognitive Tools for Quantification. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Bordeaux University
The Unité Mixte de Recherche 5199 of the CNRS offers a funded three years Post-Doctoral Position for the European Research Council Synergy project QUANTA «Evolution of Cognitive Tools for Quantification». The fellowship will ideally start the 1st October, 2021
Numbers are ubiquitous in our modern globalized world and play a fundamental role in its functioning. Quantification—that is, the ability to represent, think about, and symbolically express quantity-related facts—is a universal phenomenon manifested to some degree in all cultures and languages. While quantifiers are learned as part of natural language, even without writing practices or scholastic immersion, the acquisition of numerals requires some form of cultural training (often via apprenticeship or formal schooling). Mastering a numeral system paves the way for numeracy, that is, the uniquely human ability to assess, remember, and convey discrete quantities in an exact manner. This raises a tantalizing question on emergence: If for our ability to count numeral systems is an essential cognitive tool, how then could such a tool ever be invented in the first place? In other words: When, where, how, and why did humans make the transition from natural quantifiers to exact symbolic quantification with numerals? Reconstructing the evolution of cognitive tools for quantification as a product of cultural practices and their cognitive implications is the prime goal of the ERC funded Synergy Project QUANTA. Highly interdisciplinary, this project will involve senior researchers, post-docs and PhD students from four research institutions (University of Bordeaux, University of Bergen, University of California San Diego, and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig).
The Post-Doctoral researcher in Bordeaux will contribute to this overarching endeavor by developing analytical methodologies and improving theoretical frameworks to identify and characterize the earliest devices to store numerical information. The research will also involve the application of these innovative frames of inference to Palaeolithic objects and evaluation of results in synergy with other avenues of research conducted, in parallel, by other members of the project.
The successful candidate will have a PhD in Prehistory, Archaeology, Paleoanthropology or Cognitive sciences. He/she will ideally combine an expertise in the European and African Paleolithic record, the technological analysis of archaeological bone objects and a strong interest in cultural and cognitive evolution, interdisciplinary research, cross-cultural studies. Competences in macrophotography, confocal microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, geometric morphometry and multivariate statistical analyses will be prioritized. The candidate will have the ability to independently conduct scientific research (literature mining, analysis, creation of databases, syntheses and reporting), leading to international publications. Skills to work in an international and multidisciplinary research environment are essential credential to apply. Broad scientific interest beyond the applicant’s own field is expected. The candidate will be motivated to travel in Europe and Africa, will be prepared to spend internships at the other host institutions involved in QUANTA, and will be fluent in written and spoken English, and preferably also in French.
The position is for a fixed-term period of 3 years and is associated with the project «Evolution of Cognitive Tools for Quantification (QUANTA)», funded by the European Research Council with a Synergy Grant to Andrea Bender (UiB), Francesco d’Errico (CNRS Bordeaux), Russell Gray (MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig), and Rafael Núñez (UCSD). The Post-Doctoral Fellow will work in Bordeaux
Francesco d’Errico, Université Bordeaux, avenue des Facultés, F-33405 Talence, France. Tel. 0540002628